My focus as an information-literacy instructor (AKA librarian) is to get people to critically think about the information in front of them according to certain criteria. I encourage students and staff to judge information on its individual merits and ask themselves, “does it pass the C.R.A.A.P. test?”
There is no definitive list of “good” or “bad” sources. Youtube can be a valuable source of information, with universities now posting lectures online, or conferences posting presentations. These videos will be adjacent to parody songs, political rants, and footage of cats riding vacuum cleaners. The internet is both the best and worst place to find information – it just depends on the type of information you are looking for, and how skilled you are at evaluating it.
Students may think that they are safe using scholarly journals – thinking that if something is peer-reviewed, then it is above reproach and doesn’t need to have the same critical evaluation process applied to it. However, even information presented in the most reputable scholarly journals is not the gospel truth – it can (and should) still be analyzed, critiqued, and disagreed with.
In the era of easy, open-access publishing, a slew of scam journals has emerged, often with fake editorial boards, and extremely poor peer-review processes. The blog Scholarly Open Access, written by an academic librarian, reviews these shady journals, which often charge exorbitant prices for publication and prey on scholars who are new to academia and keen to publish. In some cases, scam journals will lift the names of prominent academics and attach them to journals or conferences without permission (or even notification).